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WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The Biden administration on Thursday added Chinese memory chipmaker YMTC and 21 “major” Chinese players in the artificial intelligence chip sector to a trade blacklist, broadening its crackdown on China’s chip industry.
YMTC was added to the list over fears it could divert American technology to previously blacklisted Chinese tech giants Huawei Technologies Co Ltd and Hikvision. The move, laid out in the Federal Register, will bar YMTC’s suppliers from shipping U.S. goods to it without a difficult-to-obtain license.
Here is a brief overview of some of the key actions taken as part of the package:
FRESH ENTITY LISTINGS
The Biden administration added 35 Chinese companies and one Japan-based subsidiary of a Chinese company (YMTC) to the entity list, barring their suppliers from selling them U.S. technology without a hard-to-obtain permit.
Anhui Cambricon Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
AVIC Research Institute for Special Structures of Aeronautical Composites,
AZUP International Group Co., Ltd.,
Beijing HiFar Technology Co., Ltd.,
Beijing Machinery Industry Automation Research Institute Co., Ltd.,
Beijing UniStrong Science & Technology Co., Ltd.,
Beijing Vision Strategy Technology Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon (Kunshan) Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon (Nanjing) Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon (Xi’an) Integrated Circuit Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon Jixingge (Nanjing) Technology Co., Ltd.,
Cambricon Technologies Corporation Limited,
CETC Cloud (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd.,
CETC LES Information System Group Co., Ltd.,
China Electronics Technology Group Corporation No. 28 Institute,
Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Computing Technology,
Guangdong Qinzhi Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd.,
Hefei Core Storage Electronic Ltd.,
Key Laboratory of Information Systems Engineering,
Nanjing Aixi Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
Nanjing LES Cybersecurity and Information Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd.,
Nanjing LES Electronic Equipment Co., Ltd.,
Nanjing LES Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
PXW Semiconductor Manufactory Co., Ltd.,
Shanghai Cambricon Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
Shanghai Integrated Circuit Research and Development Center,
Shanghai Micro Electronics Equipment (Group) Co., Ltd.,
Shanghai Suowei Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
Suzhou Cambricon Information Technology Co., Ltd.,
System Equipment Co., Ltd. of the 28th Research Institute (Liyang),
Tianjin Tiandi Weiye Technologies Co., Ltd.,
Xiong’an Cambricon Technology Co., Ltd.,
Yangtze Memory Technologies Co., Ltd., and
Zhongke Xinliang (Beijing) Technology Co., Ltd.
Yangtze Memory Technologies (Japan) Inc.
REMOVALS FROM THE UNVERIFIED LIST
The Biden administration removed 27 Chinese entities from the unverified list. Companies are added to the unverified list if the United States cannot complete on-site visits to determine whether they can be trusted to receive sensitive U.S. technology exports, inspections which in China require approval from the commerce ministry.
Beijing Naura Magnetoelectric Technology Co., Ltd
CCIC Southern Electronic Product Testing Co., Ltd
Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research
Changchun National Extreme Precision Optics Co., Ltd
Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Institute of Mineral Resources
Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) Institute of Chemistry
Dongguan Durun Optical Technology Co., Ltd.
Foshan Huaguo Optical Co., Ltd.
Guangdong University of Technology
Guangxi Intai Technology Co., Ltd.
Guangxi Yuchai Machinery Co., Ltd.
Guangzhou Hymson Laser Technology Co., Ltd.
Heshan Deren Electronic Technology Co., Ltd
Hubei Longchang Optical Co., Ltd.
Hubei Sinophorus Electronic Materials Co., Ltd
Kunshan Heng Rui Cheng Industrial Technology
Shanghai Fansheng Optoelectronic Science & Technology Co., Ltd.
Shanghai Micro Electronics Equipment (Group) Co., Ltd.
Southern University of Science and Technology, Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, School of Chemical Sciences
University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Vital Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.
Wuhan Juhere Photonic Tech Co., Ltd.
Wuxi Biologics (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
Yangtze Memory Technologies Co., Ltd.
Zhongshan Thincloud Optics Co., Ltd.
(Reporting by Alexandra Alper, Editing by William Maclean)