The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) in India has recently unveiled a draft “National Strategy for Robotics” (NSR) with the aim of bolstering the innovation cycle of robotic technology and establishing India as a leader in the field by 2030. The NSR focuses on the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, supported by computer systems for control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
India currently holds the 10th position globally in terms of annual industrial installations of robots, as stated in the World Robotics Report for 2022. Recognizing the potential of robotics in various sectors, India is leveraging its strengths in areas such as robotics, AI, IoT, cloud computing, and 3D printing, among others, to shape its future workforce.
The draft NSR highlights the significance of robotics in agriculture, with applications including autonomous precision seeding, micro-spraying robots, weed removal robots, drones, and robot-assisted precision irrigation. Moreover, the report emphasizes the importance of striking a balance between human interface and automation, exemplified by the collaboration between robots (Cobots) and skilled workers.
Manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, packaging, FMCG, and inspection emerge as the leading sectors for robotics automation, offering extensive employment opportunities. The NSR outlines key components of the strategy, including a policy framework to implement robotics in different sectors, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology serving as the nodal agency through the National Robotics Mission, and the establishment of a regulatory framework led by the Robotics Innovation Unit for proper governance and regulation of robotics technology.
To overcome challenges in adoption, the NSR addresses issues such as cost, skilled talent acquisition, procurement of hardware components, academic challenges, investment in intellectual property rights and research and development, and ethical considerations like privacy. The strategy also proposes the creation of Centers of Excellence in Robotics for research and development, with the involvement of the private sector, along with advisory support for start-ups and the development of robotics industrial zones.
In summary, the draft National Strategy for Robotics presents a comprehensive plan to advance the field of robotics in India. By focusing on key sectors and addressing challenges, India aims to become a leading force in robotic technology and leverage it for economic growth and social development.
– Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR)
– World Robotics Report 2022